Streaming and Education for All
Working group - Education of the Disabled
Integrated Education for the Disabled children
Special and General School
Streaming and Education for All
the main stream of education may be given appropriate priority in
Educational Planning. the approach to the education of the handicapped to
reach the goal off " Education for All " and to obtain more advantage .
Inclusive Education is a means to provide equal educational opportunity to
disabled children irrespective of handicap.
1. Questionnaire for teachers, parents, administers
2. Unstructured interview for special needs children
1. Computation of Percentage
2. Computation of value
1. Special needs children must stay with their parents and have their
education in normal schools.
2. Special needs must be given orientation so that they can effectively
administer and implement inclusive education in their schools.
3. The Vernacular and audio-visual media must be involved to a greater
4. Community and N.G.0 participation should be strengthened.
5. Financial Support should reach the students at the beginning of the year.
6. One language formula should be used.
7. Remedial classes should be conducted.
8. Resources facilities must be made available.
9. All general school teachers must be trained.
Increase the access.
Empower them through enrolment, retention and education.
Set the ground for Pre-primary and primary education.
Build confidence in them and in their parents.
Ensure Community involvement.
Effective convergence of resources.
Effective Co-ordination between agencies.
Support from press, media etc.
Maximize the effort of N.G.0s.
Concentration in District specific planning.
Awareness among the rural masses.
Vigorous sensitization among parents, teachers, administration etc.
Maximum opportunity for peer group interaction.
Bring out attitude change towards the disabled.
Adapt the general curriculum, and provide aids to facilitate learning.
Take into consideration the non-educational facilities.
Utilize the facilities in special schools.
Change the role of special school as a resource centre.
Provide barrier free environment.
Give periodic training to all school teachers.
Appoint teacher aid and resource teachers.
Working group - Education of the
Special aids and equipment should be provided for each category of disabled
children for their placement in regular school. Celebration of the
International year for Disabled Persons the education of children with other
mild handicaps will be common with that of others.
child with disability, who can be educated in regular school, should be
educated there only. The Persons with Disabilities firm commitment towards
Equal Opportunities, Protection of rights and full Participation. The Act
among many other things deals with education of the Disabled rather
1- ensure that every child with disability has access to free 2-ducation in
an appropriate environment till he attains the age of eighteen years.
3- Endeavour to promote the integration of students with disabilities in the
4- equip the Special Schools for children with disabilities with vocational
5- conduct part time classes for children with disabilities who have
completed primary education
6- conduct special part time classes for providing functional literacy for
children in the age group of sixteen and above.
7- impart education through Open schools and Open Universities.
Children with profound disabilities are admitted in special schools.
Children whose education is possible along with the normal children are
brought under the integrated system and inclusive system in general schools.
Most of the special schools for the Special Needs are residential schools.
Integrated Education for the
The Integrated Education for the Disabled children aiming that every child
with a disability has access to free education in an appropriate
environment. to providing the least restrictive environment to children with
special needs so that they may grow and develop like other children.
Integrated education, promotes healthy social relationship between the
normal and disabled children at all levels and reduces the physical distance
between them through equal participation in social activities. It provides
an equal educational opportunity and prepares them for life, like other
members of society. It also advocates that the differently able children are
as important for the healthy growth and development of society as their
normal peers. Therefore it is imperative that their needs should be taken
care of in all academic and non-academic activities of the society.
Special and General School
Should a disabled child go to a "normal" school or a special school?
Some countries, at the moment, disabled children go to a special school.
"Normal" schools do not have facilities or accept disabled children .
It should depend on the disability ,whether
(a) physical OR
If the disability is only physical and not mental and hopefully the
school is "disability friendly", access for wheelchairs (wide doors and
ramps etc) then there is no reason why a physically disabled person should
not attend a "normal" school.
If the disability is mental then it should depend on the extent of the
learning capabilities (mild or severe) of the disabled individual.
With a mild learning disability a "one-to-one" teacher is required and
this is dependent in the school encouraging such a scheme and the local
authority having the resources to pay for this service. If this is
possible then there is no reason why a mildly handicapped person (e.g. Downs
syndrome) should not attend a "normal" school.
With a severe learning disability it is only fair on the individual that
he/she is placed in a school/day centre that copes for this type of
disability. The teachers and/or careers are specially trained and the
parents feel more comfortable knowing their children are properly cared
for. The severity of the mental disability would make an individual
unsuitable for main stream schooling.
Years ago education for children with special needs were non-existent.
Over the years the situation has improved. Parents can now fight for their
children to be accepted in any school they wish to place their children,
but, parents can sometimes make mistakes and do more harm to their child.
The Education Department says all children have a right to an education.
They are also saying that children with special needs should go to a
"normal" school. How? Most schools in some countries are not equipped to
handle disabled children. How does one get to the first floor without
lifts? Can teachers who already have close to forty children in a class,
now have disabled children, with wheelchairs in the same class? What about
the special equipment, e.g. computers. The mind boggles at the adjustments
a disabled child would have to deal with in a "normal " school. What about
the "normal" child. Yes disabled children want to be treated like "normal"
children and we are "normal" children, but can we expect a "normal" child to
work at the pace that a disabled child works. Are we not hindering progress
for a "normal" child.
Education at an ordinary school offers plenty of contact with ordinary
children. You will make lots of friends and learn lots of things.
Teachers however will not have training in special needs. They don't know
what a disabled child is all about. They have huge classes and a disabled
child will be left behind. "Normal" children can be a nuisance to a
disabled child. CHILDREN CAN BE CRUEL. Too many things can be done for
the disabled child thereby preventing the disabled child from learning
further. Who will help with toilet and eating? All these are basic needs
for a disabled child and at present cannot be met in a "normal" school some
countries. If you are part of a "normal" school , please share your ideas
with us via E.Mail.
In America, disabled children go to school with "normal" children. Each
child has a helper. They either attend "normal" classes or go to separate
classes, depending on the child's disability. In America parents don't pay
have the expense of school fees or bus fees.. The helpers are there at the
expense of the government.
But some countries does not have free education. Can the some counties
Government afford to give each disabled child a helper if the disabled child
attends a "normal" schools?